Robert CapaAmerican, b. Budapest 1913 - d. Indochina 1954
On 3 December 1938 Picture Post introduced 'The Greatest War Photographer in the World:
Robert Capa' with a spread of 26 photographs taken during the Spanish Civil War.
But the 'greatest war photographer' hated war. Born Andre Friedmann to Jewish parents in Budapest in 1913, he studied political science at the Deutsche Hochschule für Politik in Berlin. Driven out of the country by the threat of a Nazi regime, he settled in Paris in 1933.
He was represented by Alliance Photo and met the journalist and photographer Gerda Taro. Together, they invented the 'famous' American photographer Robert Capa and began to sell his prints under that name. He met Pablo Picasso and Ernest Hemingway, and formed friendships with fellow photographers David 'Chim' Seymour and Henri Cartier-Bresson.
BARCELONA. 1936. Spain. Running for shelter during an air raid alarm, January 1939.
From 1936 onwards, Capa's coverage of the Spanish Civil War appeared regularly. His picture of a Loyalist soldier who had just been fatally wounded earned him his international reputation and became a powerful symbol of war.
After his companion, Gerda Taro, was killed in Spain, Capa travelled to China in 1938 and emigrated to New York a year later. As a correspondent in Europe, he photographed the Second World War, covering the landing of American troops on Omaha beach on D-Day, the liberation of Paris and the Battle of the Bulge.
In 1947 Capa founded Magnum Photos with Henri Cartier-Bresson, David Seymour, George Rodger and William Vandivert. On 25 May 1954 he was photographing for Life in Thai-Binh, Indochina, when he stepped on a landmine and was killed. The French army awarded him the Croix de Guerre with Palm post-humously. The Robert Capa Gold Medal Award was established in 1955 to reward exceptional professional merit.FRANCE. 1935. Tour de France.Robert Capa © International Center of Photography
Robert Capa © International Center of PhotographyICP 516.
Sicily. Monreale. July 1943. Civilians welcoming American troops.
In July 1943 the Allies landed in Sicily, starting the liberation of Italy from Fascism. Between 1943 and 1945 they fought against German troops and Italian fascist troops from the Repubblica di Salo', slowly moving toward the north of Italy.
SPAIN. 1936. The Spanish Civil War ended on this day in 1939.http://www.magnumphotos.com/C.aspx?VP3=CMS3&VF=MAGO31_10_VForm&ERID=24KL535353
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